Canada has seen an increase within the variety of Mexicans in search of asylum right here this 12 months, with the overwhelming majority arriving in Montreal. They are saying they flee Mexico seeking jobs and security, however statistics present that the majority candidates from the nation have been rejected.
Ricardo Santos, 28, arrived at Montreal Trudeau Worldwide Airport on October 4. He says that though he would not know a lot about Canada, there was a direct flight to Montreal from Mexico Metropolis.
“I left as a result of there is no such thing as a work and there’s a lot of violence,” Santos mentioned in a latest interview outdoors the downtown YMCA, the place he was staying whereas his asylum software was being processed. “Mexico is changing into a extra harmful nation.”
From January to mid-October, 6,501 of the 7,968 Mexican asylum seekers who arrived in Canada by air landed in Montreal, in keeping with the Canada Border Companies Company. That is almost six instances what arrived on the airport with the second largest variety of Mexican asylum seekers – Toronto Pearson Airport – which scored 1,108 over the identical interval. In 2021, a complete of 1,640 Mexican asylum seekers arrived in Canada by air.
“I hope to discover a job,” Santos mentioned. “Hopefully all is nicely with the paperwork so I can begin working as quickly as attainable. Montreal is far quieter than Mexico. There appears to be extra calm, and it additionally appears to be safer.” He mentioned it was simpler to enter Canada as an asylum seeker than to enter the US.
Of the 1,000 households utilizing its providers, about 50 p.c are Mexican asylum seekers, mentioned Carrefour Solidarite Anjou, a bunch that gives help to new arrivals in Montreal.
“We’ve lately acquired a lot of asylum seekers from Mexico, particularly since July,” Hayat Mohamed, who’s supervising the French language programs on the centre, mentioned throughout a latest interview.
Mohamed mentioned that most of the Mexican asylum seekers she has spoken to over the previous few months mentioned they selected Montreal as a result of it’s straightforward to journey to from Mexico. Moreover, Mexicans don’t want a visa to journey to Canada because the federal authorities lifted the requirement in December 2016.
Amparo Duarte, who additionally works for Carrefour Solidarite Anjou, mentioned many Mexican immigrants cited the benefit of the asylum software course of as one more reason to decide on Canada.
“In accordance with what individuals have informed me, it is simple to get into the nation, the claims course of is quick, and the federal government of Quebec is facilitating that course of,” Duarte mentioned throughout a latest interview. The provincial authorities has made it easy to entry social help, she mentioned, “and this gives asylum seekers with a assure that they are going to obtain some monetary advantages.”
The Quebec authorities web site says asylum seekers who arrive within the province can apply for monetary assist as a final resort if they’re dealing with monetary difficulties. The aim of the help is to offer migrants with cash for the time it takes to combine them into the labor market after studying French.
The Canadian Immigration and Refugee Board says that between January and June, 2,747 Mexican asylum seekers have been referred to its Refugee Safety Division. In 2021, the council acquired 3,321 claims for the complete 12 months.
“The explanation for his or her arrival is identical for nearly everybody, so for those who ask them the query and discuss to them, it’s primarily because of the insecurity within the nation. We’re speaking about violence, insecurity and particularly not with the ability to discover work,” Mohamed mentioned.
Human Rights Watch says violence in Mexico — together with torture, enforced disappearances, abuses towards migrants, extrajudicial killings, gender-based violence, and assaults on impartial journalists — is rampant.
“The prison justice system routinely fails to offer justice for victims of violent crimes and human rights abuses,” the human rights group mentioned in its 2022 nation report.
Muhammad and Duarte mentioned that many of the Mexican immigrants who search their providers are households.
Francisco Varela Hernandez, 24, additionally resides in the identical downtown Montreal YMCA as Santos after arriving within the metropolis on October 10. He mentioned he left his house due to the violence.
“In Mexico, I had some violent confrontations, so I made a decision to depart. I felt that Montreal was a sensible choice as a result of it has a very good financial system and likewise as a result of this metropolis is without doubt one of the least expensive cities in Canada for sure issues, like housing,” Varela Hernandez mentioned.
Nonetheless, Mohamed mentioned that many asylum seekers who go to the middle are in a precarious state of affairs as a result of they typically discover it troublesome to seek out housing and obtain monetary stability.
As soon as asylum seekers have utilized for refugee safety in Canada, they will apply for a piece allow – however they could not be capable to keep for lengthy. The Canadian Refugee Council says nearly all of asylum seekers from Mexico don’t meet the definition of a refugee as set by the United Nations, which is the definition Canada makes use of. So as to get hold of refugee standing, the applicant should persuade the nation’s refugee board that they want safety.
Below the Canadian Immigration and Refugee Safety Act, an individual in want of safety is somebody who would personally be prone to torture, threat to life, or threat of merciless and weird therapy or punishment if returned to their nation. Motherland.
The Canadian Refugee Council says that of the two,747 asylum purposes it acquired from January to June this 12 months, 637 have been granted and 850 have been rejected. The remaining claims have been deserted, withdrawn, or awaiting a call.
“Each week, some will inform me their calls for have been rejected, others will say they’ve been accepted. All of it is dependent upon their tales and the proof they will present,” Duarte mentioned.
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